The Asiatic black bear is smaller than the American black bear, brown in colour rather than black, has less fur on its ears which are shorter with a more rounded top. It also lacks the white chest mark of the American species. Males are usually larger than females but can be more difficult to tell apart if there is no scale present for reference. Male specimens have an average weight of 90-150 kg (200-330 lbs) while female averages 40–80 kg (90-180 lbs).
The Asiatic black bear ranges from Afghanistan and Pakistan through Southeast Asia to southern China and Taiwan. In the Himalayas, it has been recorded at altitudes of up to 4500 m above sea level, but most of its range is from 1000–3000 m above sea level. There are several recognized subspecies.
Asiatic black bears are omnivores with a diet that varies according to season and location, though fruit makes up more than half of their diets year-round. They eat plant parts such as roots and berries as well as small mammals such as rodents and birds. They will also eat insects, fish, and other animal matter such as garbage or handouts.