A Japanese Wagtail is a species of bird that is found in Japan. There are three different types of Wagtails in Japan, and they differ in appearance and habitat preference.
Pallas's Wagtail is found in Hokkaido, and Hokuriku Region. This type of Wagtail is mostly black with a white breast and neck, but it also has some white regions above the eyes. It also has two white dots on each side of its body, near the tail. The Pallas's Wagtail is 13 cm tall and weighs about 32 grams.
The White Wagtails live mainly around rivers or wetlands that often flood during periods of high rainfall or snow melt (May to September). They feed on Daphnia and Chironomidae larvae (water insect larvae), as well as aquatic vegetation. The White Wagtail is 18 cm tall and weighs about 42 grams.
The Miyama Ground-Robin lives in the coniferous mountain forests of Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu Islands. It eats berries (in winter) and insects (in summer). It nests during autumn to early winter on the ground under fallen leaves, mosses or other cover objects. This type of Wagtail is 28 cm tall and weighs 44 grams.